December 4, 2023

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Russia’s crackdown on Crimean Tatars foreshadows wider repression | Russia-Ukraine war Information

At 6am on Thursday, a team of 7 Russian troopers raided Leila Ibragimova’s household in Melitopol in southeastern Ukraine.

Ibragimova, an ethnic Crimean Tatar, is a perfectly-recognized determine in the city, which has fallen under the management of the Russian military following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. A deputy of Zaporizhzhia Regional Council and director of the Melitopol Municipal Museum, she has been a powerful advocate for her constituency, like the area population of about 12,000 Crimean Tatars – a Muslim group indigenous to close by Crimea, a territory Russia annexed in 2014.

The soldiers reportedly set a bag above Ibragimova’s head and forced her into a motor vehicle, driving about for a whilst right before they took her to an unspecified location for questioning.

They asked her about Azad, a neighborhood Crimean Tatar organisation, as well as the names and addresses of activists and feeling leaders in her location. Ibragimova refused to give the guys any facts and informed them their steps ended up illegal. This is still Ukraine, she reported, and Russian legislation does not apply.

Ibragimova was launched afterwards that working day and the Russian occupying forces made the decision not to push any rates against her.

However, analysts say the arrest could give insights into Russia’s prolonged-term ideas when it arrives to the territories it took control of in the earlier two weeks, and ways it could use to reach them.

Crimea Tatars
Crimean Tatar men hold out for the commencing of Friday’s prayer at a mosque in Sary-Su, Crimea [File: Alexander Zemlianichenko/AP Photo]

“The objective of the detention was to threaten Ibragimova, get the most data about her contacts, and establish people and organisations that Russian forces must goal upcoming. These are very well-known procedures of Russian security solutions. They have carried out the exact same in Crimea given that 2014,” Nedim Useinow, a political scientist at the faculty of European Islam, University of Warsaw, informed Al Jazeera.

Useinow said Russia’s system appears to seize territory enabling it to forever minimize off Ukraine’s obtain to the sea and connect breakaway regions of Donetsk and Luhansk with the Russian mainland and Crimea.

“They also want to secure entry to water from Dnipro River due to the fact they still have not solved the trouble of drinking water scarcity in Crimea,” he said.

“They have also started to bring some Crimean Tatar collaborators about to organise agitation in the Kherson area.”

Persecution of activists

A nearer glimpse at Russia’s procedures in the annexed Crimea toward Tatars may supply an indicator of what can materialize with activists, officers and neighborhood leaders in other southern Ukrainian territories that have not long ago fallen underneath Russian regulate, analysts say.

“The circumstance of Crimean Tatars in Crimea has been really hard because the commencing of the profession. Russia has been persecuting all activists who are against the profession and organised purges,” Lenur Kerymov from the Polish Helsinki Basis for Human Legal rights advised Al Jazeera.

“Until now, all around 20 men and women have been disappeared in Crimea. They had been abducted by the safety solutions and they are most probably useless. It has vastly affected the morale of the people. Russia’s plan to Crimean Tatars is that of terror.”

Analysts say that when repression of Crimean Tatars is partly owing to religion, it is also mainly because several in the group have protested against the Russian annexation and criticised it in the media.

About the past 8 yrs of Russian presence in Crimea, activists’ homes have been searched, practically all independent Crimean Tatar media outlets were closed and community journalists were being possibly pressured to depart or change their emphasis from politics to amusement. There is whole censorship of local media.

The politics of Russification have also been in entire force. Although on paper Crimea has 3 formal languages, specifically Russian, Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian, nearby activists and authorities say that educational facilities are discouraged from teaching in Crimean Tatar and Ukrainian.

Kerymov states the insurance policies aim to take out all the traces of Tatar identity and lifestyle and thwart any civil actions.

“There are over 100 Crimean Tatars that we take into account prisoners of conscience in Russian prisons with extended jail sentences. The majority of these persons are religious Muslims,” Kerymov reported.

“Russians claim that they are customers of Hizb-ut-Tahrir [an Islamic political party], which is banned in Russia. In Ukraine the bash is lawful and there is no evidence that any of their associates in Ukraine or Crimea ended up linked to any criminal functions, terrorism or extremism. These are just people today who imagine in different ways.”

In some cases, individuals ended up imprisoned for merely possessing a Quran, Kerymov claims.

Kerymov’s predictions on what could take place up coming in the recently occupied territories of Ukraine are far from optimistic.

“All activists and people who could lead mass protests will be threatened, there will be imprisonments. I hope that there will be no killings but we have to get ready for that, as well,” he explained.

“These are usual strategies Russia utilizes to punish and threaten community populations.”