Michael Lang, the live performance impresario who served conceive the landmark, technology-defining 1969 new music festival Woodstock, died Saturday evening at Sloan Kettering healthcare facility in New York. He was 77.
Michael Pagnotta, a rep for Lang and longtime relatives mate, verified the promoter’s loss of life to Rolling Stone, adding that the cause was a rare type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Along with businessmen John Roberts and Joel Rosenman and audio market promoter Artie Kornfeld, Lang, who experienced formerly promoted the 1968 Pop and Underground Pageant in Miami, co-developed the Woodstock Audio and Artwork Fair the subsequent calendar year. Famously billed as “Three Times of Peace and Songs,” the upstate New York competition drew up to 400,000 folks to Max Yasgur’s farm in Bethel, NY from August 15-18, 1969 and featured dozens of rock’s most important names, such as Santana, Creedence Clearwater Revival, the Who, Jimi Hendrix and Crosby, Stills, Nash and Youthful.
“There’s a instant when Michael Lang adjusted the globe,” the Lovin’ Spoonful frontman John Sebastian tells Rolling Stone. “At Woodstock I was standing upcoming to him when a person of his minions way in the length came operating towards the phase and we believed, “This simply cannot be great.’ He will get to Michael and claims, ‘The fence is down. Individuals are coming more than the prime.’ And Mike normally takes this lengthy look in excess of the entire circumstance and virtually to himself he states, ‘Well, I guess we now have a totally free competition.’ It was the unique, ‘What could quite possibly go incorrect,’ but he could pivot and see the light-weight.”
Carlos Santana stated in a statement to Rolling Stone Sunday, “Michael Lang was a divine architect of unity & harmony. He gave beginning to Woodstock, the pageant that manifested 3 glorious days of peace & freedom. He will no doubt be orchestrating an additional celestial party in Heaven. Thank you Maestro. You and Monthly bill Graham are now united in the light of our divinity and are supreme love.”
Lang was only 24 when he helped conceive the competition, which would go on to develop into a massively influential counterculture touchstone, thanks in aspect to a documentary on the celebration unveiled the subsequent 12 months. Above the several years, Lang’s name grew to become synonymous with the Woodstock manufacturer, as the promoter aided helm subsequent iterations of the festival in 1994 and 1999. (When Pollstar requested Lang in 2019 what it is like to be the “Woodstock poster kid for eternity,” he replied, “Life is comprehensive of experiences, and not all the things works out. But you hold seeking or almost nothing functions out … That’s generally been my mind-set.”) A 50th anniversary concert in 2019 was mired in controversy and authorized challenges and was canceled ahead of it could go on.
Lang, a indigenous New Yorker, moved to Coconut Grove, FL in the late 1960s and opened a head store. “The local climate is ideal, persons are into a stimulating wide range of inventive items and there was no put for them to get alongside one another,” Lang claimed in creator Ellen Sanders’ 1973 ebook Trips: Rock Existence in the Sixties. He applied that very same ethos to audio festivals, starting off with the Pop and Underground Festival in Might 1968. The pageant, attended by 25,000 individuals, featured sets by Jimi Hendrix, John Lee Hooker, Chuck Berry and the Moms of Invention, among the others.
Soon after transferring back to New York, Lang fulfilled Kornfeld, then a vice president of Capitol Data, and began Woodstock Ventures with Roberts and Rosenman. Right after a sequence of prepared spots fell via, the quartet was famously capable to arrange the pageant at the 600-acre farm of Max Yasgur, a dairy farmer in Bethel, NY immortalized in Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young’s 1970 address of Joni Mitchell’s “Woodstock.” In 2004, the celebration acquired a place on Rolling Stone‘s “50 Times That Adjusted the Record of Rock and Roll.”
“Woodstock came at a really dim moment in America,” Lang informed Rolling Stone in 2009. “An unpopular war, a govt that was unresponsive, heaps of human legal rights challenges — points had been starting to edge toward violence for folks to make their details. And alongside arrived Woodstock, which was this instant of hope.”
“We thought we were being all specific, scattered hippies,” David Crosby instructed Rolling Stone in 2004. “When we bought there, we said, ‘Wait a minute, this is a great deal even larger than we believed.’ We flew in there by helicopter and noticed the New York Condition Thruway at a useless cease for 20 miles and a gigantic crowd of at least half a million men and women. You couldn’t truly wrap your thoughts all-around how a lot of persons had been there. It had never ever took place right before, and it was form of like having aliens land.”
“Everybody was outrageous,” Joan Baez, who performed the pageant, advised Rolling Stone in 2009. “I guess the collective reminiscences that people have, I have in a perception. It is the mud and the cops roasting warm dogs and persons wandering all around in the nude. And the fact that, looking back again, it was in reality a enormous offer. It was like a best storm and I recognized that Woodstock was like the eye of the hurricane because it was unique. It was this weekend of love and intimacy and makes an attempt at splendor and at caring and at currently being political.”
The authentic Woodstock was, in Kornfield’s terms, “a monetary disaster.” On the other hand, in Michael Wadleigh’s 1970 documentary that captured the fest, Kornfield and Lang are demonstrated smiling when talking about the pageant with a news reporter. “Look at what you acquired there. You could not invest in that for something,” Lang mentioned.
Graham Nash explained in a assertion to Rolling Stone Sunday, “This man played an significant position in the growth of the ‘Musical Festival.’ His part in bringing the Woodstock country to the forefront of American tunes is very well regarded and he will be missed by his family members and mates.”
Immediately after Woodstock, Lang was recruited at the past moment to support aid with what grew to become the infamous Altamont Free of charge Concert in California in December 1969, where viewers member Meredith Hunter was stabbed to dying for the duration of the Rolling Stones’ established. “My belief of Altamont is that it was a skipped chance and the outcome of a absence of preparing,” Lang mentioned in a Reddit Q&A in 2014. “It was thrown collectively at the previous moment, it had to transfer at the previous minute, and truly wasn’t assumed all over. There really wasn’t any stability, and the Hells Angels were pressed into a role they weren’t suited for. And so what could have been a fantastic day of songs degenerated into a horror show.”
Lang later grew to become the manager for Rickie Lee Jones and Joe Cocker — the latter providing one of Woodstock’s famous performances — and founded Just Sunshine Records, which introduced albums by Karen Dalton and Betty Davis, among the other individuals.
20-five many years after the iconic competition, Lang returned to Woodstock — albeit in Saugerties, New York, and not Yasgur’s farm — to create Woodstock ’94, billed as “2 A lot more Days of Peace and Audio.” The 1994 lineup was a “bridge” among the initial fest and additional contemporary tunes, Lang mentioned, with primary Woodstock acts like Cocker, Santana, Crosby, Stills & Nash, members of the Grateful Lifeless and the Band, State Joe McDonald and extra becoming a member of Red Sizzling Chili Peppers, Eco-friendly Working day, Aerosmith, Metallica, 9 Inch Nails and Bob Dylan.
When not as historic as its predecessor, the accomplishment of the 1994 fest — coupled with its MTV broadcast and the rise of audio festivals in general — led Lang and his fellow producers to host another fest five many years afterwards. That was Woodstock ’99, which in the long run hewed closer to the chaos of Altamont than the peace and enjoy of the past two installments.
“My takeaways from Woodstock ’99 are a bit intricate,” Lang claimed in the Reddit Q&A. “A whole lot of men and women experienced an amazing time. There was tons of remarkable songs. It was sadly an exceptionally scorching weekend, and currently being on that air pressure foundation where by the heat was mirrored from that tarmac was truly problematic. With out the rain in all that warmth was a challenge. And frankly, as I reported previously, a large amount of the music was form of indignant, and the audience was young and of the similar headspace, so I’m a tiny bit conflicted about Woodstock ’99.”
In the mid-2010s, right after the aftermath of the maligned Woodstock ’99 had mostly dissipated, Lang began envisioning a 50th anniversary competition, with Watkins Glen, New York — web-site of festivals like 1973’s Summer months Jam and Phish’s Magnaball in 2015 — the supposed site. The fest’s cross-generational lineup was declared in March 2019, bringing jointly Jay-Z, Miley Cyrus and the Killers with Woodstock vets like Santana, Useless & Organization, David Crosby and John Fogerty, whose Creedence Clearwater Revival was the to start with band booked for the unique Woodstock.
“I was looking forward to seeing how it would get reworked 50 years afterwards,” John Fogerty, who experienced performed Woodstock with Creedence Clearwater Revival, told Rolling Stone. “What the youthful individuals would imagine about it and what the young artists would consider. It’s not each working day you get to go back again to a 50-yr reunion.”
On the other hand, quickly soon after the fest was disclosed and tickets revenue were being postponed, one particular of Woodstock 50’s chief traders — international media organization Dentsu Aegis — introduced the fest had been canceled, sparking a legal fight with Lang and other producers that finally authorized the fest to continue. Nonetheless, the fest’s location in Watkins Glen, New York next nullified its deal with organizers, creating Woodstock 50 to test unsuccessfully to go the competition to Vernon Downs, New York and Maryland’s Merriweather Post Pavilion. A single by just one, the booked acts dropped off the invoice, and Woodstock 50 was at last canceled just two months before it was scheduled to start.
“I imagined he bore that burden remarkably very well,” Sebastian states of Lang carrying the Woodstock identify. “We would do these numerous Woodstock events, telling stories, and he had that smile – not stress, but a kind of disappointment which is element of figuring out about lifestyle. I would see that now and then.”
Adhering to the cancelation of Woodstock 50, Lang was requested whether or not he was worried that the failed fest experienced tarnished the legacy of the manufacturer. “It’s not a little something I take into account,” Lang told Rolling Stone in 2019. “What we did in 1969 was in 1969 and that is what has endured and will carry on to endure. We’re not heading absent.”
Additional reporting by David Browne